The catalyst discovery phase is the crucial initial stage in developing novel catalysts. Its objective is the identification and design of new substances that efficiently facilitate specific chemical reactions while possessing desirable properties such as high activity, selectivity, stability, and sustainability. The goal is to identify and develop industrially effective catalysts that are also environmentally sustainable and economically viable, aiming to pave the way for further development and commercialization.

What are the potential challenges in hydrogenation and catalysis processes?

Optimizing chemical reactions, especially those involving hydrogenation and catalysis, requires addressing various physical and chemical factors. Challenges such as maintaining ideal catalyst conditions, preventing hazardous situations, and managing catalyst deactivation and by-product formation must be carefully considered and addressed.

Additionally, extra challenges need to be addressed because of the nature of catalysis. These include the ideal conditions for catalysts. For example, in the case of homogeneous catalysis, the physical conditions need to be such that all the reactants remain in the same physical state, avoiding precipitation processes.