In this section, you will find a library of specific case studies/application notes demonstrating the extensive functionality of how scientists are using H.E.L equipment in all the fields of work, including research, scale-up, and production. These case studies show real results and demonstrate our equipment’s performance in applications for biotechnology, thermal hazards, catalysis, calorimetry, flow chemistry, parallel processing, crystallization, and particle studies. These application notes and case studies are subject to copyright. To use any part of this work, please contact us.

Assessing the suitability of H.E.L’s BTC-500 for small battery testing 

Assessing the suitability of H.E.L’s BTC-500 for small battery testing 

The constant pressure from the market to create more powerful batteries can result in unsafe situations. As a consequence, battery testing is crucial to obtain better batteries that can be operated safely. Adiabatic calorimetry is an incredibly powerful tool for identifying the temperature values at which a battery can be operated. The characterization of events, such as thermal runaways, can help identify the risks and establish mitigation strategies. However, choosing the right calorimeters can prove challenging because they are not sensitive enough for small batteries or cannot withstand battery failures. In this application note, we tested a very small battery (LP103035) in a large calorimeter (BTC-500).

Comparison of different calorimetry methodologies using Simular reaction calorimeter 

Comparison of different calorimetry methodologies using Simular reaction calorimeter 

Reaction calorimetry is a fundamental tool in the evaluation of chemical processes by measuring heat exchange. In this study, we compare results obtained from Heat Flow (HF) and Power Compensation (PC) methodologies utilizing H.E.L’s Simular. HF is considered the standard methodology in industry, which tracks temperature gradient across the jacket wall in reactors, whereas PC maintains a stable temperature throughout the process by adjusting and measuring differences in electrical power. We assess the performance of both methodologies using acetic anhydride hydrolysis.

Calorimetry: Heat flow versus power compensations methods

Calorimetry: Heat flow versus power compensations methods

In this note, we compare the fundamentals and operation of two calorimetry methodologies that the Simular performs: heat flow and power compensation. The mathematical calculations to calculate the energy produced or absorbed by the chemical reaction are presented. The last section directly compares both methods in terms of measurements, temperature control, accuracy, and time.

The use of a H.E.L BioXplorer in fermentations of Cupriavidus necator H16 at elevated pressure using CO2 as the sole carbon source

The use of a H.E.L BioXplorer in fermentations of Cupriavidus necator H16 at elevated pressure using CO2 as the sole carbon source

In this case study, the H.E.L BioXplorer was used to evaluate microbial fermentation in either autotrophic mode or heterotrophic mode.

Using the Phi-TEC I in Thermally Unstable Environments

Using the Phi-TEC I in Thermally Unstable Environments

In this study, environmental thermal instability was deliberately introduced while using the Phi-TEC I adiabatic calorimeter for exothermic reaction detection.

Investigating Zinc Oxide-Modified Mordenite as an Effective Catalyst for the Dehydrogenation of Ethanol utilizing the FlowCAT

Investigating Zinc Oxide-Modified Mordenite as an Effective Catalyst for the Dehydrogenation of Ethanol utilizing the FlowCAT

In this study, the H.E.L FlowCAT was used for the development and optimization of a process for the production of acetaldehyde via the dehydrogenation of bioethanol. This is the first stage toward a multistep reaction, taking ethanol to higher-value chemicals.

Investigating a Sponge Metal Catalysts in a Trickle Bed Reactor for Continuous Hydrogenation Inflow

Investigating a Sponge Metal Catalysts in a Trickle Bed Reactor for Continuous Hydrogenation Inflow

In this study, the H.E.L. FlowCAT was used to optimize the inflow of the reductive hydrogenation of an aliphatic nitro intermediate using a sponge nickel catalyst in a trickle bed reactor. Once optimal conditions were established, 1.2 kg of reagent was successfully reduced, with a yield of approximately 90% over a period of 19 hours.

Characterization of the maximum heating performance for the multi-reactor PolyBLOCK 8

Characterization of the maximum heating performance for the multi-reactor PolyBLOCK 8

In this study, we investigated the maximum temperature heating capacity of the PolyBLOCK 8 when connected to a Silicone oil heating circulator. The results show that the PolyBLOCK 8 can achieve a 90 °C difference between the oil-bath circulator and the internal temperature of both glass and high-pressure (metal) reactor vessels.

Characterization of the cooling performance for the multi-reactor PolyBLOCK 8

Characterization of the cooling performance for the multi-reactor PolyBLOCK 8

This study investigated the temperature cooling capabilities of the PolyBLOCK parallel reaction block with different cooling modes. The solvents used varied in boiling point, heat capacity, and viscosity. The cooling characteristics were evaluated with and without a chilling Silicone oil circulator connected to the PolyBLOCK.

Characterization of the heating performance for the multi-reactor PolyBLOCK 8

Characterization of the heating performance for the multi-reactor PolyBLOCK 8

This study investigated the temperature control capabilities of the PolyBLOCK parallel reaction block with different control modes, setting a constant reactor temperature or ramping the reactor temperature. Three different solvents were investigated in four different reactors. The solvents used varied in boiling point, heat capacity, and viscosity. Connecting a silicone oil circulator showed optimum temperature control characteristics.

Investigating Hydrogenations at Different Catalyst Loadings using the ChemSCAN

Investigating Hydrogenations at Different Catalyst Loadings using the ChemSCAN

In this study, a ChemSCAN is used to investigate the hydrogenation of nitrobenzene with a range of Pd/C catalyst loadings ranging from 4.0 mg to 9.3 mg. The experimental results showed that the hydrogenation reaction rate increases as the amount of catalyst in the reactor increases.

Characterization of the maximum heating capabilities of the multi-reactor PolyBLOCK 4

Characterization of the maximum heating capabilities of the multi-reactor PolyBLOCK 4

The maximum heating capabilities of the PolyBLOCK 4 when using a circulator were investigated in this study. The labCONSOL® control software enabled the use of different modes of heating, Heat/Cool Reactor, and Constant reactor. The results show that the PolyBLOCK can achieve a 130 °C temperature difference between the reactor temperature and the circulator temperature.

Characterization of the heating capability for the multi-reactor PolyBLOCK 4

Characterization of the heating capability for the multi-reactor PolyBLOCK 4

This study investigated the heating temperature capabilities of the PolyBLOCK 4, a bench-top parallel reaction block, when connected to a circulator. Methanol and Silicone oil were the solvents heated in glass and stainless-steel reactors. The labCONSOL® control software enabled the use of different modes of heating, Heat/Cool Reactor, and Constant reactor. Connecting a circulator showed optimum temperature control characteristics.

How to use an isothermal calorimeter to characterize a gel battery

How to use an isothermal calorimeter to characterize a gel battery

By using the iso-BTC – isothermal calorimeter, coupled with a charge/discharge unit, which is specifically designed for the testing of cells and battery packs. We could characterize a battery’s over a wide range of operational conditions.