Technical Literature

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Technical Literature

In this section, you will find a library of specific case studies/application notes demonstrating the extensive functionality of how scientists are using H.E.L equipment in all the fields of work, including research, scale-up, and production.
These case studies show real results and demonstrate our equipment’s performance in applications for biotechnology, thermal hazards, catalysis, calorimetry, flow chemistry, parallel processing, crystallization, and particle studies.

These application notes and case studies are subject to copyright. To use any part of this work, please contact us.

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PolyBlock 4 Reactor Zones

Characterization of the heating capability for the multi-reactor PolyBLOCK 4

This study investigated the heating temperature capabilities of the PolyBLOCK 4, a bench-top parallel reaction block, when connected to a circulator. Methanol and Silicone oil were the solvents heated in glass and stainless-steel reactors. The labCONSOL® control software enabled the use of different modes of heating, Heat/Cool Reactor, and Constant reactor. Connecting a circulator showed optimum temperature control characteristics.

PolyBlock 4

Characterization of the maximum heating capabilities of the multi-reactor PolyBLOCK 4

The maximum heating capabilities of the PolyBLOCK 4 when using a circulator were investigated in this study. The labCONSOL® control software enabled the use of different modes of heating, Heat/Cool Reactor, and Constant reactor. The results show that the PolyBLOCK can achieve a 130 °C temperature difference between the reactor temperature and the circulator temperature.

ChemSCAN

Investigating Hydrogenations at Different Catalyst Loadings using the ChemSCAN

In this study, a ChemSCAN is used to investigate the hydrogenation of nitrobenzene with a range of Pd/C catalyst loadings ranging from 4.0 mg to 9.3 mg. The experimental results showed that the hydrogenation reaction rate increases as the amount of catalyst in the reactor increases.

PolyBlock 8 Reactor Zones close up

Characterization of the heating performance for the multi-reactor PolyBLOCK 8

This study investigated the temperature control capabilities of the PolyBLOCK parallel reaction block with different control modes, setting a constant reactor temperature or ramping the reactor temperature. Three different solvents were investigated in four different reactors. The solvents used varied in boiling point, heat capacity, and viscosity. Connecting a silicone oil circulator showed optimum temperature control characteristics.

PolyBlock 8 Vertical

Characterization of the cooling performance for the multi-reactor PolyBLOCK 8

This study investigated the temperature cooling capabilities of the PolyBLOCK parallel reaction block with different cooling modes. The solvents used varied in boiling point, heat capacity, and viscosity. The cooling characteristics were evaluated with and without a chilling Silicone oil circulator connected to the PolyBLOCK.

Polyblock 8 Horizontal

Characterization of the maximum heating performance for the multi-reactor PolyBLOCK 8

In this study, we investigated the maximum temperature heating capacity of the PolyBLOCK 8 when connected to a Silicone oil heating circulator. The results show that the PolyBLOCK 8 can achieve a 90 °C difference between the oil-bath circulator and the internal temperature of both glass and high-pressure (metal) reactor vessels.

Sponge Metal

Investigating a Sponge Metal Catalysts in a Trickle Bed Reactor for Continuous Hydrogenation Inflow

In this study, the H.E.L. FlowCAT was used to optimize the inflow of the reductive hydrogenation of an aliphatic nitro intermediate using a sponge nickel catalyst in a trickle bed reactor. Once optimal conditions were established, 1.2 kg of reagent was successfully reduced, with a yield of approximately 90% over a period of 19 hours.

FlowCAT up close

Investigating Zinc Oxide-Modified Mordenite as an Effective Catalyst for the Dehydrogenation of Ethanol utilizing the FlowCAT

In this study, the H.E.L FlowCAT was used for the development and optimization of a process for the production of acetaldehyde via the dehydrogenation of bioethanol. This is the first stage toward a multistep reaction, taking ethanol to higher-value chemicals.

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Gel Battery

How to use an isothermal calorimeter to characterize a gel battery

By using the iso-BTC – isothermal calorimeter, coupled with a charge/discharge unit, which is specifically designed for the testing of cells and battery packs. We could characterize a battery’s over a wide range of operational conditions.

Phi-TEC 1

Using the Phi-TEC I in Thermally Unstable Environments

In this study, environmental thermal instability was deliberately introduced while using the Phi-TEC I adiabatic calorimeter for exothermic reaction detection.

BioXplorer

The use of a H.E.L BioXplorer in fermentations of Cupriavidus necator H16 at elevated pressure using CO2 as the sole carbon source

In this case study, the H.E.L BioXplorer was used to evaluate microbial fermentation in either autotrophic mode or heterotrophic mode.