In this section, you will find a library of specific case studies/application notes demonstrating the extensive functionality of how scientists are using H.E.L equipment in all the fields of work, including research, scale-up, and production. These case studies show real results and demonstrate our equipment’s performance in applications for biotechnology, thermal hazards, catalysis, calorimetry, flow chemistry, parallel processing, crystallization, and particle studies. These application notes and case studies are subject to copyright. To use any part of this work, please contact us.

Achieving safe conditions for hydrogenation reaction using concentrated raw materials

Achieving safe conditions for hydrogenation reaction using concentrated raw materials

Hydrogenation involves the addition of hydrogen gases into molecules, transforming bonds (e.g. C=C to C-C). Hydrogen is highly flammable and explosive, and as such, hydrogenation reactions and their products need to be tested in advance. In this application note, we present the thermal behavior of an alkane and alkene involved in the hydrogenation reaction measured in a Phi-TEC I. Results showed that the alkene was susceptible to decomposition reactions when it reached a temperature 238.8 oC, where the alkane did not display such behavior. Phi-TEC I is an adiabatic calorimeter that has shown its capabilities to detect thermal events in reactants involved in risky hydrogenation reactions.

Assessing the suitability of H.E.L’s BTC-500 for small battery testing 

Assessing the suitability of H.E.L’s BTC-500 for small battery testing 

The constant pressure from the market to create more powerful batteries can result in unsafe situations. As a consequence, battery testing is crucial to obtain better batteries that can be operated safely. Adiabatic calorimetry is an incredibly powerful tool for identifying the temperature values at which a battery can be operated. The characterization of events, such as thermal runaways, can help identify the risks and establish mitigation strategies. However, choosing the right calorimeters can prove challenging because they are not sensitive enough for small batteries or cannot withstand battery failures. In this application note, we tested a very small battery (LP103035) in a large calorimeter (BTC-500).

The use of a H.E.L BioXplorer in fermentations of Cupriavidus necator H16 at elevated pressure using CO2 as the sole carbon source

The use of a H.E.L BioXplorer in fermentations of Cupriavidus necator H16 at elevated pressure using CO2 as the sole carbon source

In this case study, the H.E.L BioXplorer was used to evaluate microbial fermentation in either autotrophic mode or heterotrophic mode.

Investigating Hydrogenations at Different Catalyst Loadings using the ChemSCAN

Investigating Hydrogenations at Different Catalyst Loadings using the ChemSCAN

In this study, a ChemSCAN is used to investigate the hydrogenation of nitrobenzene with a range of Pd/C catalyst loadings ranging from 4.0 mg to 9.3 mg. The experimental results showed that the hydrogenation reaction rate increases as the amount of catalyst in the reactor increases.